Last edited by Zulugrel
Saturday, April 18, 2020 | History

1 edition of The Psychology of Expertise found in the catalog.

The Psychology of Expertise

Cognitive Research and Empirical AI

by Robert R. Hoffman

  • 207 Want to read
  • 22 Currently reading

Published by Springer New York in New York, NY .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Philosophy (General),
  • Artificial intelligence

  • About the Edition

    Experts, who were the sole active dispensers of certain kinds of knowledge in the days before AI, have now often assumed a rather passive role. They relay their knowledge to various novices, knowledge engineers, experimental psychologists or cognitivists - or other experts! - involved in the development and understanding of expert systems. This book achieves a perfect marriage between experimentalists and theoreticians who deal with expertise. It tries to establish the benefits to society of an advanced technology for representing and disseminating the knowledge and skills of the best corporate managers, the most seasoned pilots, and the most renowned medical diagnosticians. This book interests psychologists as well as all those out in the trenches developing expert systems, and everyone pondering the nature of expertise and the question of how it can be studied scientifically. Its scope, the pivotal concepts which it elucidates and brilliantly summarizes and appraises in the final chapter, as well as the references it includes, make this book a landmark in the field.

    Edition Notes

    Statementedited by Robert R. Hoffman
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsBF1-990
    The Physical Object
    Format[electronic resource] :
    Pagination1 online resource (xiv, 395p. 31 illus.)
    Number of Pages395
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL27083713M
    ISBN 101461397359, 1461397332
    ISBN 109781461397359, 9781461397335
    OCLC/WorldCa852788751


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The Psychology of Expertise by Robert R. Hoffman Download PDF EPUB FB2

This book was the first handbook where the world's foremost 'experts on expertise' reviewed our scientific knowledge on expertise and expert performance and how experts may differ from non-experts in terms of their development, training, reasoning, knowledge, social support, and innate talent/5(7).

The Psychology of Expertise: Cognitive Research and Empirical Ai - Kindle edition by Hoffman, Robert R. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets.

Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading The Psychology of Expertise: Cognitive Research and Empirical : $ This book achieves a perfect marriage between experimentalists and theoreticians who deal with expertise.

It tries to establish the benefits to society of an advanced technology for representing and disseminating the knowledge and skills of the best corporate managers, the most seasoned pilots, and the most renowned medical diagnosticians. Fernand Gobet has been studying expertise for decades.

And it is fascinating to read a book that attempts to synthesize all that expertise on expertise, not just within his own field of psychology. Read "The Psychology of Expertise Cognitive Research and Empirical Ai" by available from Rakuten Kobo. This volume investigates our ability to capture, and then apply, expertise.

In recent years, expertise has come to be re Brand: Taylor And Francis. The NOBA Project is a growing collection of expert-authored, open-licensed modules in psychology, funded by the Diener Education Fund.

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Anders Ericsson. The Death of Expertise is an ugly look at just how narrow-minded a career in academia can make someone. Nichols, who does somehow come off as intelligent, has written an argument of monumental cluelessness that reveals far more about his own ego than about the state of established The Psychology of Expertise book.

The Social Psychology of Expertise offers an integrative perspective to the analysis of experts and expertise in The Psychology of Expertise book, social roles, management, etc. It is the first book to link the psychology of expertise to sociology, particularly the sociology of professions.

differences, and the relations of expertise to general intellectual functions. It should also entice us toward further research (Ericsson & Smith ). In addition, the cognitive psychology of expertise should point to practical applications. By informing us about the nature of expertise at a cognitive level.

Challenging the notion that talent is innate. “The most important gifts we can give our children are confidence in their ability to remake themselves again and again and the tools with which to do that job,” writes Ericsson (Psychology/Florida State Univ.; editor: The Road to Excellence: The Acquisition of Expertise Performance in the Arts and Sciences, Sports and Games,etc Author: Anders Ericsson.

This book achieves a marriage between experimentalists, applied scientists, and theoreticians who deal with expertise. It envisions the benefits to society of an advanced technology for capturing and disseminating the knowledge and skills of the best corporate managers, the most seasoned pilots, and the most renowned medical diagnosticians.

human and machine expertise, with a special interest in the role of context. Ericsson et al.’s handbook () provides a comprehensive overview of the psychology of expertise, with a strong Author: Fernand Gobet.

Psychology and Work is a new textbook for introductory Industrial and Organizational (I/O) Psychology classes. Written by award-winning I/O professors with expertise in I/O Psychology and teaching this course, the book is organized into three main sections.

It first includes an overview of the. The Death of Expertise: The Campaign Against Established Knowledge and Why it Matters is a nonfiction book by Tom is an expansion of a article published in The Federalist.

Summary. In The Death of Expertise, Nichols condemns what he describes as the many forces trying to undermine the authority of experts in the United States. He blames higher education, the internet, and Author: Tom Nichols. Psychology is a broad field that encompasses the study of human thought, behavior, development, personality, emotion, motivation, and more.

Gaining a richer and deeper understanding of psychology can help people achieve insights into their own actions as well as a better understanding of other people. Expertise in Counseling and Psychotherapy features seven master therapist studies from around the world and provides an extensive synthesis of these studies to produce the first international perspective of expert counselors and psychotherapists.

The study of expertise has a rich history, whereas research on psychotherapy expertise has mostly surfaced in the past two : Len Jennings. The Psychology of Chess is an insightful overview of the roles of intelligence, expertise, and human intuition in playing this complex and ancient game.

The book explores the idea of Author: Fernand Gobet. Maybe the next book can be titled, “Death From Denial of Expertise.” Trump’s coronavirus news briefings — unlike those of various governors around the country — have often contradicted Author: Igor Derysh, Salon.

Observing, analyzing and interpreting human behavior in a professional environment is the domain of industrial organizational psychologists, commonly referred to as I-O psychologists. These professionals focus on individual and group performance, satisfaction, safety, health and well-being through a variety of quantitative and qualitative methods.

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In the field of psychology, social psychology is the scientific study of how the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of individuals are influenced by the actual, imagined, and implied presence of others. In this definition, scientific refers to the empirical investigation using the scientific method, while the terms thoughts, feelings, and behaviors refer to the psychological variables that can.

The search for general abilities and basic capacities: Theoretical implications from the modifiability and complexity of mechanisms mediating expert performance. In Sternberg, R. & Grigorenko, E. (Eds.), Perspectives on the psychology of abilities, competencies, and expertise (pp. 93–). Cambridge: Cambridge University by: Sport psychology is designed to help athletes reach their potential through mastering the mental skills necessary to perform consistently in training and competition.

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Each subsequent line of your reference should be indented. If a digital object identifier (DOI) is available, include it at the end of the reference. If a book has been accessed via an online database, follow the basic APA format and include the URL at the end.

General Psychology. This book deals with most of the issues covered in standard textbooks, but without the outrageous price tags. Topics covered includes: Neuropsychology, Nature and Nurture, Methods, Development, Sensation and Perception, Emotion and Motivation, Personality, Learning and Memory, Psychological Disorders, Language and Therapy.

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With chapters written by experts across Canada, this book explores just some of the many ways that students can apply their training in psychological science across a variety of careers and : Meghan Norris. His book, The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People, was an instant sensation when published inand continues to top best-seller lists today with more than 25 million copies sold worldwide.

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Get this from a library. The psychology of abilities, competencies, and expertise. [Robert J Sternberg; Elena Grigorenko;] -- The goal of this book is to characterize the nature of abilities, competencies, and expertise, and to understand the relations among them.

The book therefore seeks to integrate into a. Anders Ericsson (born ) is a Swedish psychologist and Conradi Eminent Scholar and Professor of Psychology at Florida State University who is internationally recognized as a researcher in the psychological nature of expertise and human performance.

Currently, Ericsson studies expert performance in domains such as medicine, music, chess, and sports, focusing exclusively on.

We apply our expertise to help our clients find solutions to their problems, and to their potentially life changing situations. Peter Parnes: Clinical Director of Psychology 4. Peter’s dual training and extensive experience in clinical and educational psychology in the private, NHS and Local Authority sectors enables the practice to offer a.

The field of operational psychology, and consequently its standards of practice, are evolving and expanding at a rapid pace. Now, more than ever, psychologists' expertise is employed on a day-to-day basis by members of the military, national intelligence, and public safety : The book will not only help users build expertise in psychology in gender and health, but also contribute to the awareness and training of psychologists as dynamic actors in the implementation of the gender perspective in their studies, reflections, research, and health interventions.

A catalog record for this book is available from the British Library. Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication data The psychology of abilities, competencies, and expertise / Robert J.

Sternberg, Elena L. Grigorenko, editors. Includes bibliographical references and index. isbn – isbn (pb.) 1. Ability. ISBN: OCLC Number: Description: xix, pages ; 23 cm.

Contents: The admissibility of expert testimony in the United States, the Commonwealth, and elsewhere / Daniel A. Krauss, Desiree Cassar and Allison Strother --Psychological and cultural aspects of interrogations and false confessions: using research to inform. A catalog record for this book is available from (he British Library.

Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication data The psychology of abilities, competencies, and expertise / Robert J. Sternberg, Elena L. Crigorenko, editors. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN - ISBN (pb.) i.

Ab ility. Yet clearly intelligence should be considered as part of cognitive psychology, too. The coverage in the book is comprehensive and authoritative, but the chapters I read are also quite interesting and accessible.

This book should be widely used as a text and a reference work." -Henry L. Roediger, III, Washington University in St. Louis. Laura C. Wilson is Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychological Science at the University of Mary Washington, USA. Her main area of research and clinical expertise is post-trauma functioning, particularly in survivors of mass trauma such as mass shootings, terrorism, or combat or sexual violence.Career Paths in Psychology is a must-have resource for students contemplating a career in psychology, for psychologists considering switching between areas of psychology, and for professionals thinking of switching to psychology from another field.

In this comprehensive anthology, authors selected for their distinction in their chosen careers offer their professional—and personal Pages: The Social Psychology of Expertise: Case Studies in Research, Professional Domains, and Expert Roles (Expertise: Research and Applications Series) by Harald A.

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